Protect yourself and others from COVID-19
If COVID-19 is spreading in your
community, stay safe by taking some simple precautions, such as physical distancing,
wearing a mask, keeping rooms well ventilated, avoiding crowds, cleaning your
hands, and coughing into a bent elbow or tissue. Check local advice where you
live and work. Do it all!
Stay aware of the latest COVID-19 information by regularly
checking updates from WHO and your national and local public health
What to do to keep yourself and others safe from COVID-19
Here are the basics how o wear a mask:
- Maintain at least a 1-metre
distance between yourself and others to reduce your risk of infection when
they cough, sneeze or speak. Maintain an even greater distance between
yourself and others when indoors. The further away, the better.
- Make wearing a mask a normal
part of being around other people. The appropriate use, storage and
cleaning or disposal are essential to make masks as effective as possible.
your hands before you put your mask on, as well as before and after you take it
off, and after you touch it at any time.
sure it covers both your nose, mouth and chin.
you take off a mask, store it in a clean plastic bag, and every day either wash
it if it’s a fabric mask, or dispose of a medical mask in a trash bin.
use masks with valves.
How to make your environment safer:
- Avoid the 3Cs: spaces that are closed,
crowded or involve close contact.
- Outbreaks have been reported
in restaurants, choir practices, fitness classes, nightclubs, offices and
places of worship where people have gathered, often in crowded indoor
settings where they talk loudly, shout, breathe heavily or sing.
- The risks of getting COVID-19
are higher in crowded and inadequately ventilated spaces where infected
people spend long periods of time together in close proximity. These
environments are where the virus appears to spread by respiratory
droplets or aerosols more efficiently, so taking precautions is even more
- Meet people outside. Outdoor
gatherings are safer than indoor ones, particularly if indoor spaces are
small and without outdoor air coming in.
- Avoid crowded or indoor
settings but if you can’t, then take precautions:
- Open a window. Increase the
amount of ‘natural ventilation’ when indoors..
- Wear a mask (see above for
Don’t forget the basics of good hygiene:
- Regularly and thoroughly clean
your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and
water. This eliminates germs including viruses that may be on your hands.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose
and mouth. Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once
contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth.
From there, the virus can enter your body and infect you.
- Cover your mouth and nose with
your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the
used tissue immediately into a closed bin and wash your hands. By
following good ‘respiratory hygiene’, you protect the people around you
from viruses, which cause colds, flu and COVID-19.
- Clean and disinfect surfaces
frequently especially those which are regularly touched, such as door
handles, faucets and phone screens.
What to do if you feel unwell:
- Know the full range of symptoms
of COVID-19. The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, dry cough,
and tiredness. Other symptoms that are less common and may affect some
patients include loss of taste or smell, aches and pains, headache, sore
throat, nasal congestion, red eyes, diarrhoea, or a skin rash.
- Stay home and self-isolate even
if you have minor symptoms such as cough, headache, mild fever, until you
recover. Call your health care provider or hotline for advice. Have
someone bring you supplies. If you need to leave your house or have
someone near you, wear a medical mask to avoid infecting others.
- If you have a fever, cough and
difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately. Call by
telephone first, if you can and follow the directions of your local health
- Keep up to date on the latest
information from trusted sources, such as WHO or your local and national
health authorities. Local and national authorities and public health units
are best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to
Source: WHO Website